Data-Informed Improvements Decrease Post-PCI Bleeding Events

September 28, 2022

Article Summary


Bleeding complications occur in up to 16 percent of all patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Community Health Network (CHNw) identified one area where it didn’t perform as well as expected for post-PCI bleeding and found ways to improve through risk-adjusted quality metrics, interdisciplinary teams, analytics, and smartsourced clinical chart abstractors. CHNw’s data-informed improvement efforts are delivering the desired results.

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Featured Outcomes
  • 42.3 percent relative increase in the number of PCIs performed using a radial approach.
  • $368K in annual cost savings, the result of a 40.8 percent relative reduction in the number of patients with post-PCI bleeding events within 72 hours of the procedure and a 5.3 percent reduction in length of stay (LOS).

IMPROVING POST-PCI BLEEDING SAVES LIVES

Bleeding is a common, costly complication of PCI. Bleeding complications occur in up to 16 percent of all patients undergoing PCI, and bleeding severity is related to adverse outcomes. Major bleeding events happen more frequently among patients undergoing a femoral approach.1

EVALUATING THE RISKS

CHNw participates in the American College of Cardiology’s National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR®), enabling the organization to report and assess the characteristics and outcomes of patients undergoing PCI. CHNw evaluated the NCDR risk-adjusted quality metrics and identified one area where it didn’t perform as well as expected—the risk of bleeding around the time of coronary intervention. Aware that bleeding events increased morbidity, mortality, LOS, and cost, the organization prioritized bleeding events for improvement.

ELIMINATING THE RISKS

To reduce bleeding events and improve performance, CHNw needed detailed performance data. The organization established an interdisciplinary team, leveraging high-value data and analytics from the Health Catalyst® Data Operating System (DOS™) platform and its smartsourced clinical chart abstractors to understand its data and associated improvement opportunities.

The interdisciplinary team reviewed a year’s worth of bleeding event data, conducting deep dives into the data and identifying gaps. As a result of the detailed data review, CHNw:

  • Clarified the patient population that should be included/abstracted by the abstractors and submitted to the NCDR.
  • Defined and standardized documentation and abstraction processes, including the assessment and documentation of hematomas and bleeding events.
  • Engaged with the national registry to clearly define the criteria for bleeding events.
  • Identified and resolved data differences and time capture issues related to point-of-care testing hemoglobin (Hgb) results and lab-resulted Hgb.
  • Implemented standard order sets, including an ST-elevation myocardial infarction order set and a post-PCI same-day discharge order set, to ensure key requirements, like a post-procedure hemoglobin, are evaluated and documented for all patients.

CHNw evaluated benchmark data for the percentage of radial versus femoral approach PCI and set a goal to increase the overall rate of radial PCI. Physician leaders provided peer-to-peer education on the benefits of radial versus femoral approach, sharing the most recent literature, best practices, and outcomes data, engaging providers in changing to a radial-first approach.

Smartsourced clinical chart abstractors perform their work to abstract data and help monitor performance, notifying the medical director each time a patient does not receive the expected care. The medical director follows up with the physicians responsible for the patient, informing them of the expected standard and improvement opportunities.

“Improving quality performance is complicated, and there are no quick fixes. By getting deep into the data, the metrics, the care system, and effectively engaging key stakeholders, we successfully improved performance.”

Michael Robertson, MD, Interventional Cardiologist, Community Health Network

RESULTS

CHNw’s data-informed improvement efforts are delivering the desired results. The organization has achieved:

  • 42.3 percent relative increase in the number of PCIs performed using a radial approach.
  • $368K in annual cost savings, the result of a 40.8 percent relative reduction in the number of patients with post-PCI bleeding events within 72 hours of the procedure and a 5.3 percent reduction in LOS.

REFERENCES

  1. Mason, P. J. et al. (2018). An update on radial artery access and best practices for transradial coronary angiography and intervention in acute coronary syndrome: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions. Retrieved from https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/HCV.0000000000000035

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