Patients who undergo surgery frequently follow a rehabilitation program afterwards to promote recovery. However, starting this program before the procedure may help further accelerate recovery time. Prehabilitation is defined as physical or lifestyle preparation that happens before surgery and is designed to help patients regain function in less time. Prehabilitation includes the following four main components:
- Medical optimization of pre-existing medical conditions.
- Physical fitness.
- Nutritional status.
- Psychological support.